How to Make Coffee at Home―Spanish Style
Spend just a little bit of time in Spain and you will find that the coffee culture here is super different than the United States. I’m gonna go out on a limb and just say it is hella better! Sorry to you drip-coffee lovers, but as someone who didn’t start drinking coffee until I studied abroad in Spain, it is really hard to compare the rich and full experience you get when drinking coffee here to the tried-and-true but kinda bland way we do it back home (and I’m not even gonna acknowledge a comparison with our instant-lovers over in the UK!).
So, now that I’ve offended everyone, let me clarify a bit what I’m talking about. The café con leche culture that you will find on the streets of Spain isn’t perfectly replicated at home―unfortunately we cannot all afford at-home espresso-makers―but coffee preparation is still a respected process. Although you can purchase a ‘normal’ coffee-maker in certain electronics stores, these are far from ‘normal’ to Spaniards and I can almost guarantee you that your host family and/or Spanish friends will not have one (nor have ever used one, for that matter).
Instead, the norm is stovetop percolators known as cafeteras italianas or simply cafeteras for short. I recently discovered that this method of brewing coffee is even different from the average stovetop percolator that some people use in the US, so let me walk you through the basics (in laymen’s terms because, I promise you, I am NO coffee connoisseur*).
1.) The cafetera consists of three parts, as shown below. In order to prepare the coffee, unscrew the top and bottom portion, remove the middle one, and fill the lower receptacle with water, no higher than the notch you will notice from the air hole.
Pro-Tip: My stealthy British boyfriend likes to heat the water in his electric kettle first in order to reduce the time it takes for the coffee to boil, but this trick is dependent upon having that other abnormal (for Spain) kitchen appliance.
2.) Plop the middle section back on top of the bottom receptacle (if you notice that you filled the bottom with a bit too much water, empty the excess out now, otherwise it will be boiling out as coffee!). Fill this with ground coffee, no filter paper necessary.
Pro-Tip: The amount of grounds you add, obviously, correlates with the richness and strength of your coffee so if you want a less pungent taste, simply add less grounds. Regardless of how high you fill this section, be sure to press the coffee grounds down somewhat tightly for optimal quality. (I don’t actually know why, but everyone says this is important.)
3.) Tightly screw the top bit to the bottom half. This is crucial to avoid boiling-hot coffee spraying or dripping out as it tries to travel up through the grounds.
Pro-Tip: Regardless of how tightly you screw them back together, cafeteras still tend to drip from one area or another if you pour your coffee too quickly. Just like most things in Spain, have patience and pour your coffee slowly from an arched angle, as shown in the top photo.
4.) Heat it up on an appropriate-sized stovetop burner on medium-to-high heat until the water boils up through the grounds, spilling over the middle fountain-like section as tasty coffee!
Pro-tip: Every cafetera is different―some are just starting to boil up when they begin to make noise whereas others are finished when you notice this bubbling sound. Stay alert and keep an eye on it, especially for the first few times. Be cautious if you open up the top to check―it’ll be hot!
5.) And voila! You’ve done it, your first cup of home-brewed cafetera coffee! Of course, the perks of making it at home instead of ordering out is that you can make your coffee however you please, so have at it!
Pro-Tip: If you attempt to recreate café con leche, I recommend heating the milk up first. If you forget (as, honestly, I usually do), you’ll likely need to heat it all up as the cold milk evens out the boiling hot coffee to just lukewarm.
So what do you think, are you ready to give it a try or do you still have some reservations? Have you already used a cafetera? If so, you simply must tell us how your first attempt went!** Can't wait to hear how it goes!
P.S. Oh! And don’t forget, our Italian friends swear that you simply can NOT wash your cafetera with soap! Apparently it never fully comes off and leaves an aftertaste in your coffee. Instead, you should simply rinse all of the parts with warm water, using a cloth or sponge to remove any burnt-on coffee (staining is normal).
*For those of you who are, I apologize in advance for my lack of expert terminology, but I figured that I’d break it down in the simplest of terms so even a newbie like me can follow!
**If we’re being open, I actually filled the top section, not the bottom, with water on my first attempt without instructions…so this is a judgement-free zone, haha!